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April 2002 - Page 38


The Passenger Train Oriented Layout Part 4
Layout Design and Modeling

by Robert A. Clark
Illustrations by Steve Andrews This is Chicagos Dearborn Station. In the left rear can be seen the tower at Grand Central Station with the B&O sign and clock. Across the background run tracks leading into La Salle Street Station (which wound up serving Rock Island commuter traffic). The shed flanked by the Chicago and Western Indiana switchers (the terminal company serving Dearborn) handled express for the former Erie, CGW, Monon and C&WI users. John Szwajkart photo

T

o design a layout that satisfies your needs, create an operations scenario. What kind of trains, what era, what length, w hat function on the railroad(s) modeled are you interested in? The opening premise of this article was that a passenger train ori ented layout could be built (and operated) just as well as the traditional freight dominated one.

Era
The era modeled will impact train length and composition, as follows: 1930s Shorter consists as the depression has reduced train lengths. Local trains disappear as automobile use expands. Pullmans and coaches air conditioned resulting

in roof bubbles. 1935-1941 New lightweight streamlined cars replace equipment on top name trains. All-coach streamliners appear. 1942-1946 War and demobilization result in very heavy traffic: every car in use with long consists. 1946-1955 New streamlined cars and t rains slowly come off production lines. More locals disappear. 1955-1967 Passenger traffic declines r apidly, losing ground to jets and autos. F ewer trains with fewer RPOs. Loss of mail and railway express revenues greatly reduces passenger trains. 1967-1971 (Amtrak) Only one short train left on major routes.

Consist Information
This chronology and its impacts on c onsists is well described in Twilight of the Great Trains by Frailey which covers consists in the ten years prior to Amtrak ( 1971). The section of the bibliography titled Description of Name Trains will help you select consists for your passen ger trains. Recommended especially for i nsight into marketing of passenger ser vices are Welsh, By Streamliner: New York to Florida, and Stegmaier, Baltimore and O hio Passenger Service 1945-1971 , two volumes. These two books cover the postwar era, illustrating the gradual transition from heavyweights to lightweights and the attrition of passenger service. There are an

38 MODEL RAILROADING

APRIL 2002

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