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Union Pacific 1601 Sun Cape is an 11 double-bedroom sleeper that was rebuilt in 1965 from the Western Adventure, a 12 roomette, 4 double-bedroom sleeper that was built by ACF in 1949. Robert A. Clark photo b e made from appropriate sizes of wire. Electrical connections look like small lids or boxes on the platform surface and could be bashed from styrene. Lighting for platforms was sometimes by lamps that look l ike street lights, and in other cases the typical high towers with floodlights: both are available on the market.

CB&Q Silver Pelican is a 6-bedroom, 5-compartment sleeper built by Budd in 1956 for the Denver Zephyr; it became Amtrak 2204. Robert A. Clark photo the loading tracks for mail cars within the Post Office building, as in Chicagos Union and Dearborn stations, although this would conceal the cars. for propane and coal (for diners), fumigation building, locker rooms, paint shop a nd carpet rack. Within the commissary w ere kitchens, bakeries, grocery ware house, laundries, linen storage, china and utensil storage, meat lockers and butcher s hop, and space for ice and fuels (coal, c oke, propane or Presto-logs depending on what the diner stoves and ovens used). Several coach yards had power plants for the coach yard and terminal complex. The architecture of these buildings might vary w idely in style as well as material (i.e., from wood sheds through corrugated iron, to brick and concrete). With the numerous b uildings available in plastic today, the m odeler can easily create such a line of service buildings.

Summary
In summary, while model railroaders must selectively compress their imitation o f the prototype, there appears to be an opportunity for the passenger car nut to design a layout (especially the many terminal facilities) that will capture the flavor of the prototype and offer at least as much e xcitement as a freight oriented layout. He can relegate the freight facilities to the token status to which passenger service is now relegated on most model pikes. (Articles on passenger train route switching and operation out on the line indicate that the modeler need have no fear that passenger trains cant be as much fun to operate as a way freight.) Today, a passenger terminal could be the central feature, using exten sive staging tracks to store arriving and d eparting trains (giving the modeler the opportunity to have two sets of equipment for each train one for the arriving train and one for the departing train if the timetable set this up). H owever, as the information gaps in this article indicate, neither the railfan nor the model railroader yet have the complete k nowledge about passenger service that they have about freight operations. If you have special knowledge that will answer q uestions raised herein, please write the magazine so that we can share information. I am disappointed that I could not present more photos showing examples of the architecture and construction of facilities such as commissaries, Pullman Company buildings, and mail and express buildings. However, railfans dont seem to have photographed these kinds of buildings and railroad publicity files either arent open or dont contain this kind of photo. It is probably too late already for the fan to preserve on film such structures, as the decline o f passenger service coincided with the p rogressive disinvestment by demolition of unneeded structures by the railroads in order to save property taxes.

Commuter Facilities
Commuter operations were common t o the East Coast and Chicago. Because the pattern of morning and evening rush hour traffic tends to be repetitious and the need for large train storage capacity in a coach yard near the terminal would consume scarce space, commuter operation is suitable only for those with a strong interest and adequate space.

Coach Yard Design & Modeling
The inbound lead track to the coach yard might have a car washer. No kits are listed in the Walthers catalog so it would probably require scratchbuilding. On the prototype, coach yard tracks tended to be double ended, so that switchers could reach into the tracks from both ends. However, on a model railroad, this pattern increases the space required as well as doubling the number of turnouts required (see Figure 7); single-ended sidings are more appropriate on a model railroad. However, a d ouble-ended yard is very attractive if space permits. The Sunnyside yard for the Pennsylvania on Long Island suggests one way to integrate a loop for car turning with a double-ended coach yard. Armstrong has coach yard examples in his Figure 4-9. A common arrangement was to place a line of buildings, perhaps a set of sturdy brick buildings, on one side of coach yard, parallel to actual yard tracks. Within the buildings were a wide variety of functions, such as the following list taken from the drawings for Southern Pacifics 1937 Mission Road coach yard in Los Angeles: pipe a nd tin shop, upholstery and carpentry s hop, supply room, yard masters office, Pullman supply room, commissary, sheds

Platform Design and Modeling
In the coach yard, an alternating pat tern of wide servicing platforms providing room for service carts and wagons to move, and narrower platforms with service boxes and outlets for the various utilities (electricity, water, compressed air, steam) was common. Dimensions are taken from the AREA standards. Platforms with only worker passage should be 10' wide, while t hose on which service vehicles moved, 18' (see Figure 8). There would be a track between the platforms so that both sides of the cars could be worked as appropriate. Tracks for storing cars held for peak loads or simply storage usually had only narrow p latforms, which might have outlets for steam and electricity for cars that were on standby status. As seen in the coach yard photos in Part 3 , one set of platforms had cabinets and c onnections. A number of manufacturers make trackside cabinets (as part of signaling systems) that could be used for those in coach yards. They also could be built as simple styrene box shapes. Connections for water and steam and compressed air could

42 MODEL RAILROADING

APRIL 2002

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